Pre-Surgical/Pre-Anesthetic Exam, Testing and Surgical Information
PLEASE READ CAREFULLY.
The well-being of your pet is very important to us and our greatest concern. Anesthesia or sedation will be required to perform today’s procedure on your pet.
Prior to the anesthesia/sedation your pet will receive a basic physical exam by our veterinarian. This exam will allow certain medical conditions to be identified that could complicate today’s procedure or other procedures moving forward, and compromise the health of your pet. A physical exam alone may not identify all systemic or metabolic problems that your pet may or may not have. Therefore, we strongly recommend your pet have a pre-anesthetic blood profile performed prior to any anesthetic procedure in order to further evaluate major organ functions. The blood profile will allow us to assess level of hydration, presence of infection, anemia, blood glucose and electrolyte status as well as changes to liver or kidney values, which is important, since these organs are often involved in metabolizing the drugs we use for anesthesia/sedation. By knowing certain parameters we are able to adjust protocols and medications needed to follow the most appropriate and safest anesthetic regime possible. Please be advised that normal results in no way guarantee a successful outcome of the procedure or anesthesia. Chest radiographs and abdominal ultrasound are highly recommended in senior patients >7 years of age. We encourage you to discuss these recommended diagnostics with your veterinarian.
Intravenous catheters and fluids are used for most procedures. IV catheters allow for fluid and drug administration, and give us a direct access to the circulatory system in case emergency drugs need to be administered. IV fluids will aid in maintaining blood pressure and anesthetic recovery. We will need to shave a small amount of fur on the front leg(s) in order to safely place the catheter. Your pet will likely go home with a small bandage on the front or back leg, which will need to be removed once you get home. If this has not been addressed with you, please reach out to the staff prior to leaving.
Your pet will likely receive a combination of injectable and inhalant medications to facilitate optimal levels of anesthesia and to prevent and treat any pain that is present or might arise from the scheduled procedure. We may or may not use an endotracheal (breathing) tube during the procedure. This is used to aid in breathing by delivering oxygen and protects the airway from debris and fluids that might be present in the mouth. There can be a mild cough associated with the placement of a breathing tube up to 48 hours post surgery. If you have further questions please discuss this with the staff.
Your pet will be closely monitored throughout the anesthetic or sedated procedure, by our experienced technical staff, who will use our state of the art equipment to monitor heart rate and rhythm, ECG, breathing rate, oxygen levels, blood pressure, as well as core body temperature. We utilize a circulating warm air system and temperature controlled surgical tables to maintain core body temperature.
Pain prevention and treatment of pain is of utmost importance to us and we utilize multiple modalities to minimize any pain your pet could experience prior to, during and after any surgical or non-surgical procedure.
There are several post-surgical risks for common procedures. Please follow the directions of the staff to minimize these risks and do not hesitate to ask any questions regarding the post-op care prior to leaving the hospital.
Potential post-surgical complications for common procedures:
Tumor removal: bleeding from surgical site, infection of surgical site, recurrence of tumor, suture reaction
Neuter: bleeding from surgical site, infection & swelling of surgical site, suture reaction, weight gain,
Spay: bleeding from surgical site, infection & swelling of surgical site, suture reaction, weight gain, urinary incontinence, recurrent heat
We provide E-collars for pets that have had surgery to prevent them from licking at the surgical site, which will allow your pet to heal in the most ideal fashion. If complications arise due to lack of proper use of the E-collar reparation is at the owner's expense.
Note: Failure to be reached during the day may result in postponement of the procedure.